- Musical Distance
- H - Half Step (Semitone)
- W - Whole Step (Whole tone)
- Octave - The distance between two notes that are either half or double the pitch of one another (C1-C2 etc.)
- ♯ (Sharp) - raises the pitch of a note one semitone
- ♭ (Flat) - lowers the pitch of a note one semitone
Pitch is a property that allows sounds to be ordered from lowest to highest.
The most common distances between two pitches, are:
In music, an accidental is an operator applied to notes in a scale, to obtain other notes, that are not in that scale.
The two most common accidental signs are:
The arrangement of notes by pitch, from lowest to highest (ascending) or highest to lowest (descending) is called a scale.
Western music divides the octave into a series of 12 notes, called the Chromatic Scale.
By selecting certain notes from the Chromatic Scale, other types of scales can be obtained. Imagine climbing a stair and selectively skipping certain steps.
The simplest example of a Major Scale is C Major. This scale doesn't contain any sharps or flats.
Rhythm is the arrangement of notes over time. Imagine playing a note every tick of a clock.
Not only sound, but also silence or pause is an important aspect of rhythm. Imagine playing a note every two ticks of the clock.
Melody is the arrangement of a selection of notes in a certain manner, to produce or reflect certain emotions. It can provide a feeling of tension, then resolve to a calming sound.
A chord is a set of three or more notes situated at certain distances from each other, that they sound good together.
Notes of a chord may be played simultaneously (imagine hitting three piano keys, or picking/strumming three guitar strings at the same time) or after each other (arpeggios).
Similar to how melody is the arrangement of notes in a way that can seem to make sense, or create certain feelings, harmony refers to a selection of chords that can be arranged in a senseful way.